"A Western diplomat familiar with the IAEA" said that the U.N. agency's test "appear to confirm that traces of weapons-grade uranium found in Iran came from abroad, reinforcing Iran's assertion it does not seek atomic weapons," Reuters reported Sunday.[1]  --  The unnamed diplomat said that "particles" of weapons-grade uranium "seem to have come from Pakistan," not Iran.  --  AAP reported that "several other questions about the nature of Iran's nuclear program remain, including the extent of its work with advanced P-2 centrifuges and the scope of its experimentation with plutonium, which is usable in an atom bomb."[2]  --  The Jerusalem Post, meanwhile, in an editorial, called Iran "perhaps the most potent existential threat to Israel just now" and invoked the specter of Adolf Hitler (by invoking "pre-World War II attempts to appease an undisguised dangerous aggressor").[3]  --  "The Iranians are just as cocky and in-your-face as the Axis powers were," the Post opined.  --  The fiery editorial, entitled "Belligerent Iran," called the situation a "shameless shakedown" and complained that "Europe has yet to admit that it is being blackmailed or acknowledge that its staunch opposition to any hint of using force is effectively leaving no option but resorting to force."  --  "Time is running out while the world's single greatest sponsor of terror is coming closer to gaining nuclear capability," with nary a mention either of Israel's nuclear capability or the Non-Proliferation Treaty, to the terms of which Iran has scrupulously adhered.  --  Both of these were mentioned in a piece in the Tehran Times, however, where we read:  "The fact that the Zionist regime has never signed any of the international treaties on non-proliferation but possesses hundreds of nuclear warheads, which are a regional security threat, proves that the IAEA resolution on Iran’s nuclear program is a political measure, [Majlis Speaker Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel] observed.  --  'At the same time, the United States announces that Israel is its ally, but condemns Iran, which conducts its nuclear activities within the framework of international regulations,' the parliament speaker noted."[4] ...

1.

U.N. TESTS BACK IRAN ON NUKE TRACES

Reuters
August 14, 2005

http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200508/s1437418.htm

Tests by the U.N. nuclear watchdog appear to confirm that traces of weapons-grade uranium found in Iran came from abroad, reinforcing Iran's assertion it does not seek atomic weapons.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has said the issue of contamination is one of two main outstanding questions in its two-year investigation into Iran's nuclear program.

Iran insists the program is peaceful, but Western countries suspect it may be a front for developing nuclear weapons.

A Western diplomat familiar with the IAEA says an analysis of Pakistani components for enrichment centrifuges identical to ones Iran bought on the black market appear to back Iran's assertion that traces of bomb-grade uranium are the result of contamination.

"There's still some final corroboration to go on but all the preliminary analysis does show that the particles seem to have come from Pakistan," he said, adding that the final result was unlikely to change as a result of work still outstanding.

This appears to confirm earlier results that also suggested Iran did not produce the highly-enriched uranium itself.

Asked whether this cleared up the contamination issue, the diplomat said: "More or less. The contamination issue will never be 100 per cent clear."

The IAEA declined to comment.

2.

NUCLEAR TESTS MAY BACK IRAN'S CASE

Australian Associated Press
August 14, 2005

Original source: AAP

Tests by the U.N. nuclear watchdog appear to confirm that traces of weapons-grade uranium found in Iran came from abroad, reinforcing Teheran's assertion it does not seek atomic weapons, a diplomat said.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has said the issue of contamination is one of two main outstanding questions in its two-year investigation into Iran's nuclear program.

Teheran insists the program is peaceful, but Western countries suspect it may be a front for developing nuclear weapons.

An analysis of Pakistani components for enrichment centrifuges identical to ones Iran bought on the black market appear to back Teheran's assertion that traces of bomb-grade uranium were the result of contamination, a Western diplomat familiar with the IAEA said.

"There's still some final corroboration to go on but all the preliminary analysis does show that the particles seem to have come from Pakistan," he said, adding that the final result was unlikely to change as a result of work still outstanding.

This appeared to confirm earlier results, reported by Reuters on June 10, that also suggested Teheran did not produce the highly enriched uranium itself.

Asked whether this cleared up the contamination issue, the diplomat said: "More or less. The contamination issue will never be 100 per cent clear."

The IAEA declined to comment.

Diplomats say several other questions about the nature of Iran's nuclear program remain, including the extent of its work with advanced P-2 centrifuges and the scope of its experimentation with plutonium, which is usable in an atom bomb.

"All declared (nuclear) material in Iran is under verification, but we still are not in a position to say that there is no undeclared nuclear material or activities in Iran," IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei told reporters after an emergency meeting of the IAEA's governing board last week.

"With regard to the country as a whole, the jury is still out," he added.

France, Britain, and Germany called the emergency IAEA board meeting after Iran said it would resume uranium conversion -- the step before enrichment, a process that purifies uranium to levels at which it can be used in power stations or bombs.

Iran resumed conversion last Monday and broke UN seals on machinery on Wednesday to make its conversion plant near the central city of Isfahan fully operational.

The 35-nation IAEA board reacted by urging Iran to resume a suspension of nuclear work usable in an atomic bomb program, including conversion, and expressed "serious concern" at Iran's move.

The trio of European states and Iran are due to meet at the end of the month, in hopes of defusing a crisis in which Iran has rejected a European package of economic and political incentives aimed at convincing it to abandon sensitive nuclear technology.

3.

Editorial & Opinion

BELLIGERENT IRAN

Jerusalem Post
August 14, 2005 (updated Aug. 15)

Original source: Jerusalem Post

This week -- when the International Atomic Energy Agency's 35-nation board convenes in Vienna -- the EU will publish its response to Iran's breaking of UN seals at its Isfahan nuclear plant and making it fully operational again, in blatant violation of earlier undertakings. It is taking the EU an inordinate amount of time to express displeasure with Teheran, while not even going so far as calling for Iran's galling conduct to be referred to the U.N. Security Council.

None of us should be holding our breath. Nothing will come of European verbiage, because nothing is meant to come of it. All this should make Israelis exceedingly wary, since unabashed Iranian nuclear ambitions are perhaps the most potent existential threat to Israel just now.

President George W. Bush warned this weekend that the use of force remains an option. Europe, while hemming and hawing about the prospect of atomic bombs in the hands of fanatic ayatollahs, lost no time in lashing out at even the suggestion that Iran's arm be twisted to prevent it from wielding the most deadly weapons it can obtain.

The Iranian threat isn't a matter of intelligence analysis or speculation, as may have been the case with Iraq in recent years. Iran itself proudly proclaims that it is intent on going nuclear. Moreover, there's no doubt about its hostile objectives and support for international aggression, including terrorism.

"Its stated policy," as U.S. Vice President Richard Cheney observed last January, "is Israel's destruction." Earlier in the year Mossad chief Meir Dagan assessed that "the Iranian nuclear threat is very tangible. They are a step from the point of no return in which they will be able to enrich their own uranium without foreign assistance. The international community may express concern, but it's not doing much and is in fact offering the Iranians the respite in which to forge ahead with their program."

The world's attitude is all too reminiscent of its pre-World War II attempts to appease an undisguised dangerous aggressor, allow him to arm himself and gear for attack. The Iranians are just as cocky and in-your-face as the Axis powers were. An Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman even threatened the U.S. directly, saying, "I think Bush should know that our options are more numerous than the United States."

After Iran had brazenly reneged on its own undertaking to allow international supervision and suspend its uranium conversion work while dialogue with the EU was ongoing, it then had the temerity to caution that it would be "a grave miscalculation" for the U.S. and EU to refer Teheran to the U.N. Security Council and impose sanctions over its decision to go ahead with the production of nuclear fuel.

All this is part of a shameless shakedown by Iran to extort more perks from the free world in return for fewer, weaker, and patently worthless promises regarding its nuclear plans. At this point the Iranians, in the custom of the Middle Eastern bazaar, tell the EU they're not interested in what's on offer, or as Iran's chief negotiator Cyrus Nasseri called the proposed economic and political concessions from Europe, "a package of lollipops."

Europe has yet to admit that it is being blackmailed or acknowledge that its staunch opposition to any hint of using force is effectively leaving no option but resorting to force.

It's hard to avoid the conclusion that European carrot-waving is aimed less at stymieing Iran's nuclear schemes than it is at impeding the barely raised American stick. American action appears to outrage Europe as much as, if not more than Iranian nukes.

Were Europe to join America in imposing effective sanctions, it is likely that Russia and China would not dare breach such a united front and that Iran would get the message. In any case, there is nothing stopping the U.S. and Europe from jointly imposing sanctions outside the U.N. framework if nothing can be achieved within it.

Time is running out while the world's single greatest sponsor of terror is coming closer to gaining nuclear capability. Before long, the military option may be the only remaining viable option. Failure to take minimal measures against a clear menace could well ignite the very conflagration Europe professes to fear.

4.

MAJLIS SPEAKER URGES EU TO USE LANGUAGE OF LOGIC

Tehran Times
August 14, 2005

http://www.tehrantimes.com/Description.asp?Da=8/15/2005&Cat=2&Num=008

TEHRAN -- Majlis Speaker Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel said here on Sunday that the most recent resolution on Iran’s nuclear program issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors is illegal, adding that the Iranian nation would not tolerate such an intrusion.

Haddad-Adel also urged the European Union to use the language of logic not threats.

Although Article 4 of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) states that access to nuclear technology meant for peaceful purposes is the inalienable right of all signatories and although the European Union big three underlined that Iran has that right in the Paris Accord, the recently ratified IAEA resolution demands that Iran terminate all nuclear activities at the Isfahan Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF), he pointed out.

He went on to say that the resolution was ratified after Iran resumed its uranium enrichment activities, with the restart of the Isfahan UCF being the preparatory phase of the nuclear fuel cycle.

Iran has sincerely cooperated with IAEA inspectors and made efforts to gain the confidence of the world over the past two years, but Iran no longer trusts the EU3 as it did before, he explained.

The IAEA resolution is illegal, so one can assume it was a political measure taken due to U.S. pressure, he said.

The fact that the Zionist regime has never signed any of the international treaties on non-proliferation but possesses hundreds of nuclear warheads, which are a regional security threat, proves that the IAEA resolution on Iran’s nuclear program is a political measure, he observed.

“At the same time, the United States announces that Israel is its ally, but condemns Iran, which conducts its nuclear activities within the framework of international regulations,” the parliament speaker noted.

Iran is prepared to continue its cooperation with the IAEA and its negotiations with the European Union until objective guarantees can be provided, but the Islamic Republic is also determined to develop nuclear technology and calls on the EU not to follow the lead of the United States in the nuclear negotiations, Haddad-Adel said in conclusion.