UFPPC will conduct a three-week study circle on the legality of the Iraq war and of actions taken in the name of the Iraq war beginning at 7:00 p.m. on July 3, 2006, at the Mandolin Cafe (3923 S. 12th St., Tacoma).  --  We will study three books:  Michael Byers, War Law: Understanding International Law and Armed Conflict (Grove Press, 2006); Noam Chomsky, Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy (Metropolitan Books, 2006); and Robert Jay Lifton, Richard Falk, and Irene Gendzier, eds., Crimes of War: Iraq (Nation Books, 2006).  --  There is no charge for participation and books are available for borrowing or purchase.  --  This study circle is inspired by the courageous act of Lt. Ehren Watada of the United States Army, who announced at a press conference in Tacoma, WA, on June 7, 2006, that he will refuse to deploy to Iraq because the Iraq war is "illegal under American law"; see UFPPC's statement of June 15, 2006, regarding Lt. Watada....

A United for Peace of Pierce County study circle


WHAT: "Digging Deeper XVIII: The war and the law" -- UFPPC's Monday evening book discussion group
WHO: Led by Mark Jensen
WHEN: July 3, 10, & 17, 2006 -- 7:00 p.m.-8:30 p.m.
WHERE: Mandolin Café, 3923 South 12th Street, Tacoma, WA

A flyer for this series is available on the web here. Please print and post.

Since July 2004, United for Peace of Pierce County has been conducting “Digging Deeper,” a Monday-night book discussion group, often in the form of a study circle. Topics have included peak oil, climate change, the corporation, , and Iran, as well as abiding themes of war, peace, politics, and social change. Occasionally, we have spent several weeks reading longer works, like Daniel Yergin’s The Prize or Robert Fisk’s The Great War for Civilisation. On July 3, 2006, Digging Deeper XVIII will begin discussion of a group of books that examine the Iraq war and the laws governing warfare. This study circle is inspired by the courageous act of Lt. Ehren Watada of the United States Army, who announced at a press conference in Tacoma, WA, on Jun. 7, 2006, that he will refuse to deploy to Iraq because the Iraq war is "illegal under American law." UFPPC invites you to join in an exploration of the legality of the Iraq war and of actions taken in the name of the Iraq war.

—Michael Byers, War Law: Understanding International Law and Armed Conflict (Grove Press, 2006). The author of War Law is professor of law at Duke University and director of the law school's JD/LL.M. Program in International and Comparative Law. His new volume details the history of laws governing war, and of the United Nations Charter of 1945. He devotes three chapters to the complicated issue of self-defense, and three more to the question of humanitarian intervention. The final chapter addresses recent U.S. foreign policy. Brendan Driscoll of Booklist writes: "For readers used to hearing political justifications for military action, such legal nuance may be a refreshingly concrete respite from familiar logic-of-power arguments. Yet this account is nevertheless about politics -- in particular, about the politicizing of particular legal positions -- and as such remains consistent with Byers's earlier work, which dealt with the challenge to international harmony posed by the contradiction of legal equality and socioeconomic inequality. Succinct, highly readable, and important."

—Noam Chomsky, Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy (Metropolitan Books, 2006). "Forget Iraq and Sudan -- America is the foremost failed state, argues the latest polemic from America's most controversial Left intellectual. Chomsky (Imperial Ambitions) contends the U.S. government wallows in lawless military aggression (the Iraq war is merely the latest example); ignores public opinion on everything from global warming to social spending and foreign policy; and jeopardizes domestic security by under-funding homeland defense in favor of tax cuts for the rich and by provoking hatred and instability abroad that may lead to terrorist blowback or nuclear conflict. Ranging haphazardly from the Seminole War forward, Chomsky's jeremiad views American interventionism as a pageant of imperialist power-plays motivated by crass business interests. Disdaining euphemisms, he denounces American "terror" and "war crimes," castigates the public-bamboozling "government-media propaganda campaign" and floats comparisons to Mongols and Nazis. Chomsky's fans will love it, but even mainstream critics are catching up to the substance of his take on Bush Administration policies; meanwhile his uncompromising moral sensibility, icy logic and withering sarcasm remain in a class by themselves. Required reading for every thoughtful citizen." —Publisher's Weekly.

—Robert Jay Lifton, Richard Falk, and Irene Gendzier, eds., Crimes of War: Iraq (Nation Books, 2006 paperback). This volume promises "a comprehensive legal, historical, and psychological exploration of the war in Iraq from the same editorial team whose 1971 Crimes of War was a landmark book about Vietnam and the revelation of American war crimes. The editors apply standards of international criminal law, as set forth at Nuremberg after World War II, and by subsequent developments regarding individual responsibility and accountability. These principles have to do with the waging of aggressive war, attacks on civilian centers of population, rights of resistance against an illegal occupation, and the abuse of prisoners. Explorations of psychology and human behavior include levels of motivation and response in connection with torture at Abu Ghraib; the phenomenon of the atrocity-producing situation in both Vietnam and Iraq (in which counter-insurgency, military policies, and angry grief could cause ordinary people to participate in atrocities); the behavior of doctors and medics in colluding in torture at Abu Ghraib; emerging testimony of American veterans of Iraq concerning the confusions of the mission, and the widespread killing of civilians; and accounts of broadening unease and psychological disturbance among men and women engaged in combat.

MEETING SCHEDULE — Mondays from 7:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. on July 3, 10, 17 at the Mandolin Café, 3923 S. 12th St., Tacoma, WA. No charge for participation. Books available for borrowing or purchase. Contact: Mark Jensen (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; 253-756-7519).

Digging Deeper, UFPPC’s book discussion series, has been meeting weekly since July 2004. We have considered these books bearing on matters related to UFPPC’s mission statement: "We nonviolently oppose the reliance on unilateral military actions rather than cooperative diplomacy": Kevin Phillips, American Dynasty: Aristocracy, Fortune, and the Politics of Deceit in the House of Bush (Viking, 2004); Craig Unger, House of Bush, House of Saud: The Secret Relationship between the World's Two Most Powerful Dynasties (Scribner, 2004); Bob Woodward, Plan of Attack (Simon and Schuster, 2004); Evan Wright, Generation Kill: Devil Dogs, Iceman, Captain America, and the New Face of American War (Putnam, 2004); Richard A. Clarke, Against All Enemies (Free Press, 2004); David Ray Griffin, The New Pearl Harbor: Disturbing Questions about the Bush Administration and 9/11 (Interlink, 2004); James Mann, Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet (Viking, 2004); Dana Priest, The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace with America's Military (Norton, 2003); Chalmers Johnson, The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic (Metropolitan Books, 2004); Joel Bakan, The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power (Free Press, 2004); Catherine Lutz, Homefront: A Military City and the American Twentieth Century (Beacon, 2001); Robert McChesney, The Problem of the Media: US Communication Politics in the Twenty-First Century (Monthly Review Press, 2004); Peter Dale Scott, Drugs, Oil, and War: The United States in Afghanistan, Columbia, and Indochina (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003); Rahul Mahajan, Full Spectrum Dominance: US Power in Iraq and Beyond (Seven Stories Press, 2003); Anonymous [Michael Scheuer], Imperial Hubris: Why the West Is Losing the War on Terror (Brassey's, 2004); Daniel Yergin, The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power (Simon & Schuster, 1991); Michael T. Klare, Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum (Metropolitan Books, 2004); Ross Gelbspan, Boiling Point: How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists and Activists Are Fueling the Climate Crisis -- and What We Can Do to Avert Disaster (Basic Books, 2004); Thom Hartmann, The Last Hours of Ancient Sunlight: Waking Up to Personal and Global Transformation (Three Rivers Press, 1999); Richard Heinberg, The Party's Over: Oil, War, and the Fate of Industrial Societies (New Society, 2003); Kenneth S. Deffeyes, Hubbert’s Peak: The Impending World Oil Shortage (Princeton UP, 2001); Amory Lovins et al., Winning the Oil Endgame: Innovation for Profit, Jobs, and Security (Rocky Mountain Institute, 2005); Mark Lynas, High Tide: The Truth about Our Climate Crisis (Picador, 2004); Brian M. Fagan, The Long Summer: How Climate Changed Civilization (Basic Books, 2004); Patrick J. Michaels, Meltdown: The Predictable Distortion of Global Warming by Scientists, Politicians, and the Media (Cato Institute, 2004); Richard B. Alley, The Two-Mile Time Machine: Ice Cores, Abrupt Climate Change, and Our Future (Princeton University Press, 2002); T.E. Graedel and Paul J. Crutzen, Atmospheric Change: An Earth System Perspective (W.H. Freeman, 1992); Spencer R. Weart, The Discovery of Global Warming (Harvard University Press, 2003); Douglas V. Hoyt & Kenneth H. Schatten, The Role of the Sun in Climate Change (Oxford University Press, 1997); Jim Wallis, God's Politics: Why the Right Gets It Wrong and the Left Doesn't Get It (HarperSanFrancisco, 2005); Jared Diamond, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed (Viking, 2004); Ted Nace, Gangs of America: The Rise of Corporate Power and the Disabling of Democracy (Berret-Koehler, 2001); P.W. Singer, Corporate Warriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry (Cornell University Press, 2003); Roland Marchand, Creating the Corporate Soul: The Rise of Public Relations and Corporate Imagery in American Big Business (University of California Press, 1998); Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins, and L. Hunter Lovins, Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution (Back Bay Books, 2000); Elizabeth A. Fones-Wolf, The Selling of Free Enterprise: The Business Assault on Labor and Liberalism, 1945-1960 (University of Illinois Press, 1994); David C. Korten, When Corporations Rule the World, 2nd ed., (Berret-Koehler, 2001); Elliott D. Sclar and Richard C. Leone, You Don’t Always Get What You Pay For: The Economics of Privatization (Cornell University Press, 2001); Ezra N. Suleiman, Dismantling Democratic States (Princeton University Press, 2003); Naomi Klein, No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies (Picador, 2002; orig. ed. 1999); John Perkins, Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (Berrett-Koehler, 2004); Kevin Phillips, Wealth and Democracy: A Political History of the American Rich (Broadway Books, 2002); Paul Roberts, The End of Oil: On the Edge of a Perilous New World (Houghton Mifflin, 2004); Arundhati Roy, An Ordinary Person's Guide to Empire (South End Press, 2004); Lester R. Brown, Outgrowing the Earth: The Food Security Challenge in an Age of Falling Water Tables and Rising Temperatures (W.W. Norton, 2005); Thomas L. Friedman, The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century (Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 2005); Ron Hira & Anil Hira, Outsourcing America: What's Behind Our National Crisis And How We Can Reclaim American Jobs (AMOCOM, 2005); Bruce Lincoln, Holy Terrors: Thinking about Religion after September 11 (University of Chicago Press, 2003); Samantha Power, “A Problem from Hell”: America in the Age of Genocide (Basic Books, 2002; paperback edition by Perennial, 2005); Geraldine Brooks, Nine Parts of Desire: The Hidden World of Islamic Women (Anchor, 1995); Kalle Lasn, Culture Jam: How to Reverse America’s Suicidal Consumer Binge -- And Why We Must (Perennial, 2000); Derrick Jensen, The Culture of Make Believe (Chelsea Green, 2004; orig. ed. 2002); Emma Larkin, Finding George Orwell in Burma (Penguin, 2005); Robert Pape, Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism (Random House, 2005); Matthew R. Simmons, Twilight in the Desert: The Coming Saudi Oil Shock and the World Economy (Wiley, 2005); Andrew Gumbel, Steal This Vote: Dirty Elections and the Rotten History of Democracy in America (Nation Books, 2005); George Lakoff, Don’t Think of an Elephant: Know Your Values and Frame the Debate—The Essential Guide for Progressives (Chelsea Green, 2004; orig. ed. 2002); V.S. Ramachandran, A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness: From Impostor Poodles to Purple Numbers (Pi Press, 2004); William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order, revised ed. (Pluto Press, 2004); Chris Hedges, War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning (Anchor, 2002); Chris Hedges, Losing Moses on the Freeway: The 10 Commandments in America (Free Press, 2005); Richard Bulliet, The Case for Islamo-Christian Civilization (Columbia University Press, 2004); Bernard Lewis, What Went Wrong: The Clash between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East (Harper Perennial, orig. ed. 2001); George Packer, The Assassin's Gate: America in Iraq (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2005); Edward Said, Orientalism (Vintage, 1979); Robert Fisk, The Great War for Civilisation: The Conquest of the Middle East (Knopf, 2005), Jimmy Carter, Our Endangered Values: America’s Moral Crisis (Simon & Schuster, 2006), Anatol Lieven, America Right or Wrong: An Anatomy of American Nationalism (Oxford University Press paperback, 2005; orig. ed. 2004), Cornel West, Democracy Matters (Penguin, 2004), Thomas Frank, What’s the Matter with Kansas: How Conservatives Won the Heart of America (Metropolitan Books 2004), Kevin Phillips, American Theocracy: The Perils and Politics of Radical Religion, Oil, and Borrowed Money in the 21st Century (Viking, 2006); Nikki R. Keddie, Modern Iran: Roots and Results of Revolution (Yale University Press, 2003); Afshin Molavi, The Soul of Iran: A Nation’s Journey to Freedom (W.W. Norton, 2005); Stephen Kinzer, All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror (John Wiley, 2003); David Harris, The Crisis: The President, the Prophet, and the Shah—1979 and the Coming of Radical Islam (Little Brown, 2004); Charles Kurzman, The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran (Harvard University Press, 2004); Christopher de Ballaigue, In the Rose Garden of the Martyrs: A Memoir of Iran (HarperCollins, 2004); Nasrin Alavi, We Are Iran: The Persian Blogs (Soft Skull Press, 2005); Sandra Mackey, The Iranians: Persia, Islam, and the Soul of a Nation (Dutton, 1996); Roy Mottahedeh, The Mantle of the Prophet: Religion and Politics in Iran (Simon and Schuster, 1985); Azar Nafisi, Reading Lolita in Tehran: A Memoir in Books (Random House, 2003); Kenneth M. Pollack, The Persian Puzzle: The Conflict between Iran and America (Little Brown, 2004); Kenneth R. Timmerman, Countdown to Crisis: The Coming Nuclear Showdown with Iran (Crown Forum, 2005).