Gordon England, the secretary of the Navy, has been nominated to replace Paul Wolfowitz as deputy defense secretary, the number two spot at the Pentagon, London’s Financial Times (UK) reported Friday.[1]  --  Unlike Paul Wolfowitz, England is regarded as a superb manager and is highly regarded on Capitol Hill, where he is known as the “‘go-to’ man” of Donald Rumsfeld, whose departure before the end of Bush’s second term is said to be expected; among possible replacements for Rumsfeld mentioned here are Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, Scooter Libby.  --  The Washington Post noted England’s previous work experience at General Dynamics, where he was an executive vice president, at the Dept. of Homeland Security, where he served in the number two position, and said that as secretary of the Naby he has directed “some of the most sweeping change the service has seen in decades.”[2]  --  The Post also reported that Eric S. Edelman, a Cheney protégé who was recently U.S. Ambassador to Turkey, has been named to replace Doug Feith as undersecretary for policy, the number three DoD post.  --  Knight Ridder described the 67-year-old England as a “former top executive at Lockheed and General Dynamics” with “nearly four decades of aerospace experience.”[3]  --  In a piece published Wednesday in which the Los Angeles Times successfully predicted the England and Edelman nominations, James Hendren reported that in recent weeks Donald Rumsfeld has given “more attention to personnel issues, spending hours each week in high-level conferences discussing nominees.”[4]  --  One may speculate that many of these conferences involved the Vice President Dick Cheney.  --  For the way in which Wolfowitz and Feith are being replaced at the Department of Defense is a further demonstration, if any were needed, of the extent to which the Pentagon is under the sway of the Donald Rumsfeld (b. 1932) and Dick Cheney (b. 1941).  --  To a degree that is remarkable, these two have achieved in the late 20th and early 21st centuries a sort of jointure over the increasingly militaristic U.S. national security state and its policies that even the Abu Ghraib scandal and the failure to find WMDs in Iraq have been unable to shake.  --  In Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush’s War Cabinet (Viking, 2004), James Mann has traced the development of this extraordinary relationship.  --  Donald Rumsfeld first hired Dick Cheney in 1969, early in the Nixon administration.  --  Together, they established their dominance over the White House staff and domestic policy in 1974-1975 as Richard Nixon’s presidency disintegrated, then overcame Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller’s influence in 1975, challenged Kissinger’s policies of détente and arms control agreement with the USSR in 1975 and 1976, participated in the 1980s as team leaders in the Reagan administration’s secret, extralegal, and extraconstitutional “continuity of government” program that practiced for the aftermath of a nuclear war with an aim to establishing a new “president,” made personal fortunes in businesses linked to the military-industrial complex and then began abortive bids to be elected president in the 1980s and 1990s, co-signed the founding document of the Project for a New American Century in 1998, gained high positions in the Bush administration (Mann calls the selection of Cheney the decision that “went further than any other single decision Bush made toward determining the nature and policies of the administration he would head”), succeeded in establishing their dominance over Secretary of State Colin Powell in 2001, and were prime advocates for making aggressive war against Iraq....



By Demetri Sevastopulo

Financial Times (UK)
April 1, 2005

WASHINGTON -- President George W. Bush on Thursday nominated Gordon England, secretary of the Navy, to replace Paul Wolfowitz as deputy defense secretary, according to a government official.

The White House was expected on Thursday evening to make an announcement on Mr. England, whose appointment must be vetted by the Senate. Mr. Wolfowitz was formally approved on Thursday as president of the World Bank. A former executive at General Dynamics, the defense contractor, Mr. England has served twice as secretary of the Navy, in addition to holding the number two job at the Department of Homeland Security.

He is believed to be trusted by Donald Rumsfeld, defense secretary, earning the reputation as his “go-to” man. Most recently Mr. England has been responsible for overseeing the combatant status review tribunals that the Pentagon uses to evaluate whether prisoners at Guantánamo Bay still pose a threat to the U.S.

Mr. Rumsfeld had previously considered splitting the deputy role into two positions a chief operating officer and a policy position. A senior administration official said that concept had been rejected, but the idea of restructuring the top of the Pentagon was still “in flux.”

Whereas Mr. Wolfowitz cut a controversial figure on Capitol Hill, where some lawmakers questioned his planning for the war in Iraq, Mr. England is well respected among lawmakers.

Mr. Wolfowitz also earned a reputation as a poor manager, although his supporters say Mr. Rumsfeld asked him to concentrate on policy and strategy issues, rather than the more traditional management role usually filled by the deputy.

The Navy secretary faces many challenges, including running the largest government bureaucracy which is undergoing many changes as Mr. Rumsfeld attempts to transform the military from its cold war structure.

“It is a super-tough assignment,” said Michael O' Hanlon, military analyst at the Brookings Institution. “He may wind up the only top Pentagon official to serve all of Bush's second term because word on the street is that Rumsfeld is unlikely to last that whole time. So Iraq and other challenges could fall in England's lap even more than one might think.”

Mr. Rumsfeld recently sent the White House his recommendation for a replacement for Douglas Feith, the undersecretary of defense for policy, who has announced his departure from the Pentagon. One of the leading candidates for the number three position is considered to be Eric Edelman, who recently stepped down as U.S. envoy to Turkey.

One former senior official said that the appointment of a solid manager such as Mr. England could signal that the White House would choose a more policy-orientated leader for the Pentagon when Mr. Rumsfeld steps down. One candidate, the official said, could be Scooter Libby, chief of staff to Vice-President Dick Cheney.

Richard Armitage, who recently stepped down as deputy secretary of state, is also considered to be a possible candidate to replace Mr. Rumsfeld. In recent months, Mr. Armitage turned down White House offers to run the Department of Homeland security, the Central Intelligence Agency and to become the National Intelligence Director, according to several sources familiar with his decisions.

"Gordon England is the best manager in DoD, bar none," said Dov Zakheim, former Pentagon comptroller.

"He works well with everyone. The secretary of defense has consistently looked to him to address knotty issues that are nominally outside his sphere as Secretary of the Navy. This is an excellent choice."



Bush Administration

By Bradley Graham

** Navy Secretary Is Bush's Choice for No. 2 Defense Job **

Washington Post
April 1, 2005
Page A25


Navy Secretary Gordon R. England, whose efficient management skills and affable manner have made him a favorite of Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld's, emerged yesterday as President Bush's nominee to become deputy secretary of defense.

England, 67, a former business executive, would succeed Paul D. Wolfowitz, who was approved yesterday as the next president of the World Bank.

A one-time executive vice president of General Dynamics Corp. with a proven ability to deal with Congress, England has a reputation for being less ideological than Wolfowitz and more attuned to the administrative demands of the Pentagon's second-ranking civilian job. Friends and associates also describe him as a good storyteller.

His path through the Bush administration has been somewhat circuitous. He was Navy secretary for a year and a half beginning in May 2001, then jumped to the top deputy's job at the Homeland Security Department in January 2003. He returned to the Navy post eight months later after Bush's choice for that job, New Mexico oilman Colin R. McMillan, committed suicide.

During both terms as Navy secretary, England has joined with Adm. Vernon Clark, chief of naval operations, in directing some of the most sweeping change the service has seen in decades. This has included retiring dozens of ships, shedding thousands of jobs, and consolidating Navy and Marine Corps tactical aviation forces. It also has included juggling crew deployments to keep some ships at sea longer and devising plans to surge more warships into action faster during a crisis.

One close associate said yesterday that England's stint in the homeland security position broadened his exposure to the White House and his "contact base" in Washington. It also expanded England's view of the administration's war on terrorism, which has carried over into some initiatives he has pursued since returning to the Pentagon. They include stronger ties between the Navy and Coast Guard, and greater assistance to Marines on the front lines in Iraq, the associate said.

Known as having a knack for problem solving, England was chosen by Rumsfeld for some special tasks. One was overseeing the National Security Personnel System, mandated by Congress in 2003 to modernize the Defense Department's workforce. Rumsfeld also chose him to supervise the process of reviewing the cases of prisoners being held at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Also yesterday, Bush nominated Eric S. Edelman to succeed Douglas J. Feith as the Pentagon's undersecretary for policy. Edelman recently stepped down as ambassador to Turkey and previously served as a senior aide to Vice President Cheney.



By Dave Montgomery

Knight Ridder
March 31, 2005


WASHINGTON -- President Bush nominated Navy Secretary Gordon England as deputy defense secretary Friday, elevating the former aerospace executive into his top echelon of advisers responsible for wartime military strategy.

If confirmed by the Senate, England, 67, will replace Paul Wolfowitz, whom Bush chose as the president of the World Bank. England's nomination was announced just hours after Wolfowitz's appointment was unanimously approved by the bank's board of directors.

"If confirmed by the Senate, I look forward to continuing to serve America and the men and women who wear the cloth of our nation as we work to defend freedom and liberty," England said in a statement.

England, a former top executive at Lockheed and General Dynamics, has nearly four decades of aerospace experience and has won the respect of Bush and Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld for his management skills.

Rumsfeld had planned to name England to replace departed Air Force Secretary James Roche but picked him for the No. 2 post after Bush nominated Wolfowitz to the World Bank.

As Navy secretary, England has emerged as a leading Pentagon champion of the V-22 Osprey, co-manufactured by Bell Helicopter Textron of Fort Worth. He is also a vigorous supporter of Lockheed Martin's F-35 joint strike fighter that will be assembled in the Fort Worth aircraft plant England once managed.

England was appointed Navy secretary when the Bush administration took office in 2001 and was later named to the No. 2 post in the Homeland Security Department when it was created in 2003. He returned to the Navy post seven months later after his designated replacement committed suicide following a recurrence of cancer.

England has increasingly earned a reputation as Rumsfeld's "go-to guy," with assignments beyond his duties as the civilian chief of the Navy and Marines. In response to a Supreme Court ruling last year, Rumsfeld named him to oversee a review process for more than 550 detainees held as enemy combatants at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

He is also overseeing a sweeping overhaul of personnel regulations affecting more than 700,000 civilian employees of the defense department.

England, who has been confirmed by the Republican-controlled Senate three times since joining the Bush administration, has what has been described as a constructive working relationship with lawmakers in both parties. He is expected to be confirmed by the Senate for the deputy secretary's post.

As the 72nd Navy secretary, England oversees 1.2 million active, reserve and civilian employees and has directed a modernization program that includes the development of faster and more agile next-generation ships.

He also writes letters of condolence to the families of sailors and Marines killed in Iraq and makes frequent visits to Bethesda Naval Hospital to visit wounded combat personnel.

Throughout his career in industry and government, England has maintained a management style that emphasizes teamwork and consensus-building.

In moving to the top ranks of Pentagon decision-making, England will play a lead role in a four-year review now under way to develop military priorities over the next 20 years, including the future role of fighters such as the F-35 and the F/A-22 Raptor, another Lockheed program.

He will also help shape the Pentagon's list of military installations to be recommended for closure by a base-closing commission scheduled to begin work in mid-May.



Name: Gordon R. England

Job: Nominated as deputy defense secretary

Born: Sept. 15, 1937, in Baltimore

Education: Mount St. Joseph High School, Baltimore. Graduated, 1955. University of Maryland, B.A. Electrical Engineering, 1961. Texas Christian University, M.B.A., 1975.

Career highlights:

--Worked on Gemini space program as engineer with Honeywell in Florida in mid-1960s.

--Started in General Dynamics avionics department in Fort Worth in 1966, eventually becoming department director and playing lead role in development of the F-16.

--GD's Land Systems company in Michigan, vice president of engineering and later plant president, 1986-1991.

--President of Fort Worth aircraft plant under GD and Lockheed,1991-95.

--Headed mergers and acquisition consulting firm in Fort Worth, 1995-97.

--Executive vice president of General Dynamics Corp., Falls Church, Va., 1997-2001.

--Navy secretary, May 24, 2001. (After brief stint as deputy secretary of Homeland Security, returned to Navy post.)

Personal: Wife, Dorothy "Dotty" England, three adult children and two grandchildren.

Hobbies: Fly-fishing. Owns and tinkers with vintage MG sport car. Also owns Model T and Corvette.


The Nation

By James Hendren

** The Defense secretary has names to offer to President Bush for the Pentagon's top civilian posts. Dozens of other vacancies remain. **

Los Angeles Times
March 30, 2005


WASHINGTON -- Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld has chosen replacements for the No. 2 and No. 3 civilian posts in the Pentagon, but said he was awaiting action in the White House and on Capitol Hill to help the Pentagon cope with a growing list of top job vacancies.

Rumsfeld said Tuesday he had recommended successors to Deputy Defense Secretary Paul D. Wolfowitz, who is leaving soon to head the World Bank, and Undersecretary for Policy Douglas J. Feith.

Rumsfeld also is said to be actively seeking a replacement for Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Richard B. Myers, who is due to retire Sept. 30. And five of the top six civilian posts in the Air Force, as well as the job of secretary of the Navy, are waiting to be filled.

Among the 47 Pentagon appointments requiring presidential nomination and Senate confirmation, Rumsfeld said, as many as one-fourth have been vacant in recent years because of delays in approval. Even Lawrence DiRita, the Pentagon's acting press secretary, is due to be replaced after he withdrew his name from consideration by the Senate late last year.

The delays occur at all levels, attributable to screening by the FBI and vetting by the White House as well as political turmoil in Congress, Rumsfeld said at a news conference Tuesday.

Rumsfeld would not name his choices for the posts, deferring to President Bush, who must make the nominations. But the range of open positions offers Rumsfeld the chance to continue his transformation of the Pentagon's top leadership. Rumsfeld has canceled other meetings recently to devote more attention to personnel issues, spending hours each week in high-level conferences discussing nominees, Defense officials said.

Navy Secretary Gordon R. England is likely to replace Wolfowitz as the second-ranking civilian official, senior Defense officials said on condition of anonymity. England, considered Rumsfeld's "go-to guy," left the Navy in 2003 for the Homeland Security Department. Rumsfeld brought England back to the Pentagon later that year. While embroiled last year in the prison abuse scandal, Rumsfeld gave England the job of overseeing reviews of detainees held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

With 30 years' experience in defense and technology industries, including four years as executive vice president of defense contractor General Dynamics Corp., England has the managerial skills Rumsfeld valued in Wolfowitz, who was given much of the job of running the Pentagon on a day-to-day basis, Defense officials said.

England was considered Rumsfeld's top choice for Air Force secretary until Wolfowitz resigned the No. 2 post to pursue the job of World Bank president.

England acknowledged Tuesday that he had been interviewed for the job, but declined to say whether Rumsfeld had recommended him. "But I'd be pleased to serve if I was nominated," England told reporters at the Pentagon.

Rumsfeld declined to say whom he had recommended to replace Feith in the No. 3 Pentagon spot. Speculation has centered on the departing U.S. ambassador to Turkey, Eric S. Edelman, as the top choice. Edelman announced his resignation from the Foreign Service on March 18, calling it a personal decision.

Edelman previously served as national security advisor to Vice President Dick Cheney and as ambassador to Finland. He also served as a diplomat in Prague and Moscow.

The Pentagon's top uniformed position, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, will be vacant once Myers retires. Rumsfeld's former executive assistant, Adm. Edmund P. Giambastiani Jr., head of Joint Forces Command, is among two leading contenders for the post. The second is Myers' vice chairman, Marine Gen. Peter Pace, according to senior Defense officials familiar with Rumsfeld's thinking.

One senior Defense official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said there had been consideration given to installing Giambastiani as the vice chairman under Pace. But under military rules, Pace could only serve two years as chairman because of his tenure as vice chairman, unless the White House invoked a wartime exception.

Rumsfeld has faced demands for his resignation over the Iraq war and the prison abuse scandal, but now plans to remain in his job, the senior Defense officials said. Some of his past personnel moves have proved controversial.

In an unusual move in 2003, Rumsfeld, dissatisfied with the Army, rankled many in the nation's oldest armed service by passing over every general to pull Gen. Peter J. Schoomaker out of retirement to serve as chief of staff of the Army.

A noted failure for Rumsfeld was his novel effort to move Air Force Secretary James G. Roche into the same job in the Army. Roche eventually withdrew his name for the post after Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) opposed action on the nomination following a contracting controversy that resulted in the dismissal of an Air Force official who sought to steer an air refueling contract to Boeing in exchange for a job with the aircraft maker.

The appointment process has often irked the blunt-spoken Rumsfeld, who said confirmation delays of as long as 18 months threatened the nation's civilian control of the military.

"The process today is not working well," Rumsfeld said.